[131] His leadership style was sometimes criticized by subordinates who felt it reduced their ability to solve problems creatively. By August 5, Bush opted for an aggressive response to the invasion. "[35], He was promoted to first lieutenant in 1958. In retirement, Schwarzkopf served as a military analyst for NBC. Resistance was lighter than Schwarzkopf expected, and Iraqi troops surrendered in large numbers. Ricks concluded that the Gulf War was a "tactical triumph but a strategic draw at best. [19][39] He was promoted to major shortly after arriving in Vietnam. [66][67] He immediately established an extremely rigorous training regimen and became well known among the troops of the command for his strict training and aggressive personality. The parents of one soldier blamed him for the death of their son, a claim that Schwarzkopf strongly denied and termed an accident of war. Schwarzkopf was presented with military honors. Commander in Gulf War, Dies at 78", "Golden Plate Awardees of the American Academy of Achievement", "Gen. H. Norman Schwarzkopf Biography Photo", "1993 Salute to Excellence, Stars of today and tomorrow meet in Glacier", United States Army Center for Military History, Barbara Walters Interview with General Schwarzkopf, Coalition commander in the Persian Gulf War, General H. 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[92] Through October, Schwarzkopf and his command were occupied with setting up facilities and supply lines for the troops streaming into Saudi Arabia. [113] He ordered his forces to destroy as much Iraqi armor and equipment as possible to ensure the weakening of Iraq's offensive capability in the near term. Schwarzkopf and his group fought continuously for several days. H. Norman Schwarzkopf KCB (/ˈʃwɔrtskɒf/; 22 August 1934 – 27 December 2012), also known as Norman Schwarzkopf, was a United States Army general. Initially tasked with defending Saudi Arabia from Iraqi aggression, Schwarzkopf's command eventually grew to an international force of over 750,000 troops. Schwarzkopf served as a military analyst for NBC during the launch of Operation Iraqi Freedom. [88] By August 20, 20,000 U.S. troops were in Saudi Arabia, with another 80,000 preparing to deploy, and a further 40,000 reserves tapped to augment them. Nicknamed "Stormin' Norman" because of his hot temper, Schwarzkopf was known for wearing desert camouflage and for his straight talk during the Persian Gulf War. At first, Schwarzkopf was ambivalent during the run-up to the Iraq War in 2003. [73] Specifically, the operation demonstrated a need for greater joint roles in planning, deploying troops, and communicating operations. Some speculated that the popular general might make a bid for public office, but he chose to focus on other interests instead. Probably the most anti-war people I know are Army officers—but if we do have a war, I think it's going to be limited in nature like Vietnam and Korea. 1. However, he refused medical evacuation or to relinquish command until the objective had been captured and so he was awarded a second Silver Star and a Purple Heart. Norman Schwarzkopf, Self: The American President. [125], Schwarzkopf died at age 78 on December 27, 2012, of complications following a bout of pneumonia. 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