The compounds showed not cytotoxicity against three different cancer cell lines tested. of Family Ebenaceae and Ochna serrulata (Hochst.) In vitro cytotoxicity and genotoxicity of five Ochna species (Ochnaceae) with excellent antibacterial activity / Tshepiso J. Makhafola, Lyndy J. McGaw, , Jacobus N. Eloff / South African Journal of Botany, Volume 91, March 2014, Pp 9–13 / doi:10.1016/j.sajb.2013.11.010 Approximately 60-80% of the South African population relies on traditional herbal medicine for their primary health care needs (Mander, 1998). Ochna serrulata is a hardy, small, semi-deciduous shrub with glossy, mirror-like leaves that flush red in spring. - Taxonomy: Ochna serrulata was first described by German naturalist Christian Ferdinand Friedrich Hochstetter, and Its binomial name was given by Wilhelm Gerhard Walpers. Family OCHNACEAE Genus Ochna Species natalitia SA Plant Number 481 Basionym Ochna natalitia. Vernacular names Min. spring. Height Spread; 2m. It is medicinal as it is used to treat infections and magical as is used as an antidote to evil spirits. Walp. summer. United Kingdom. H5-H1c . The plant extracts were relatively cytotoxic but not genotoxic. Ndoile’s particular research focus was the structure, synthesis and biological activities of anti-cancer compounds isolated in the medicinal plant Ochna serrulata, commonly known as the Mickey Mouse bush. Walp, Potential Herbal Medicines and Drug Interactions, List of Understudied Philippine Medicinal Plants, List Starr 080313-3393 Ochna … The lifespan of plants, just like humans, can vary quite dramatically according to the environmental conditions. Gen info - Ochna kirkii, from the family Ochnaceae, is one of the 86 species of Ochna shrub and trees. Noteworthy Characteristics. Read the label carefully before use. Before considering the potential therapeutic use of these extracts it is important to determine the safety of extracts. - Elsewhere, bark or root use for wound treatment; also, applied for pain relief. Bibliography: Ochna Serrulate, 2013, Wikipedia, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ochna_serrulata Medicinal plants and pharmaceutical drugs may be therapeutic at one dose and toxic at another (McGaw et al., 2007). Starr 080313-3397 Ochna serrulata by Forest & Kim Starr (CC BY 3.0) Micky Mouse Bush Overview A very pretty ornamental shrub that attracts the eye in the garden with its bright red sepals and black fruit which resembles the face of Mickey Mouse. Gen info Native to eastern South Africa, these plants are found in a variety of habitats, from forests to grasslands. Common misconceptions exist that, since extracts of medicinal plants are natural, they are safe. Submitted by Evergreen Nursery on Thu, 11/12/2009 - 4:20pm. Moderate care. Mickey mouse plant/ bush is a common name shared by (1) Ochna serrulata, bird's eye bush, and (2) Solanum mammosum, utong : Solanum mammosum is an accepted name. In this study, we investigate the potential cytotoxic and genotoxic effects of five Ochna species previously reported to have good antibacterial activity against four nosocomial pathogenic bacteria, namely Staphylococcus aureus, Escherichia coli, Enterococcus faecalis and Pseudomonas aeruginosa (Makhafola and Eloff, 2012). (5) / (2) The plant is suitable for growing in climates where temperatures never drop below 27 degrees F. or -2 degrees C. Ocimum americanum var. Bloom Description: Flowers are yellow and calyx is red. BRUNEI DARUSSALAM: Teron susu. More images of Micky Mouse Bush. 479.1. is an accepted name. Ochna serrulata (Carnival Bush) sifubasenkhala, umvuma, Splints for bones fractures. Mickey Mouse Plant (Ochna serrulata) is named after the blackberries that resemble the face of Mickey Mouse. Also known as Carnival bush, this plant is a small semi-evergreen shrub. It is native to the eastern provinces of South Africa where it occurs in a number of different habitats including forest margins, forested areas, open rocky slopes and grassland. Tender. Ndoile’s research epitomises the fusion of indigenous knowledge and wisdom with modern scientific understanding. (8) O. natalitia while having some of these properties, would probably not be as useful as some species, such as O. pretoriensis, O. gamostigmata and O. pulchra which have been recorded to have substantial antibacterial activity. Ochna serrulata is host to the larva of the Karkloof Emperor and Marieps Emperor, unfortunately neither is found in Gauteng. autumn. Mickey mouse plant/ bush is a common name shared by (1) Ochna serrulata, bird's eye bush, and (2) Solanum mammosum, utong : Solanum mammosum is an accepted name. - In temperate regions, grown as greenhouse ornamental. The taller specimens are generally found near river banks, whilst small shrubs are more common near seashores Fleshy, one-seeded, 1/4” diameter, pear-shaped, green fruitlets (5-6 develop per calyx) mature to black by late summer at which point the calyx and fruitlets in some cases purportedly begin to resemble the face of Mickey Mouse (fruits resemble mouse ears), hence the sometimes used common name of Mickey Mouse plant. In the RSA there are 2 genera and 13 species. This shrub is now considered to be an invasive weed in some areas (e.g., Australia and New Zealand) primarily as a result of birds consuming the fruit and spreading the seed.Genus name comes from the Greek ochne meaning wild pear in reference to the fruit shape.Specific epithet from Latin serratus meaning saw-toothed in reference to the leaf margins. This prevalence on private property, their tendency to spread into bushland due to bird-attracting berries, and the difficulty involved in controlling them, has resulted in Ochna being declared one of Forster's "Big Bad Three" weeds. Plants used medicinally are sometimes assumed to be safe but many are potentially toxic (Street et al., 2008). Members of this family are characterised by the presence of flavonoids, biflavonoids and terpenoids as main secondary metabolites. Mickey Mouse plant (Ochna serrulata), or carnival bush, is a semi-evergreen shrub to small tree that grows to about 4-8 feet (1-2 m.) in height and 3-4 feet (about a meter) across. The Plant List : ... Plagiarism of the Compilation on Philippine Medicinal Plants Under the Guise of Fair Use. Ochna. Ochna serrulata (commonly known as the small-leaved plane, carnival ochna, bird's eye bush, Mickey mouse plant or Mickey Mouse bush due to the plant's ripe blackfruit, which upside down resembles the ears of Mickey Mouse, and bright-red sepals, which resembles his trousers) is an ornamental garden plant in the family Ochnaceae which is indigenous to South Africa. Ochna serrulata, commonly known as Mickey Mouse plant or carnival bush, is a small, loose, open, semi-evergreen shrub which typically grows to 4-8’ tall and 3-4’ wide.It is native to the eastern provinces of South Africa where it occurs in a number of different habitats including forest margins, forested areas, open rocky slopes and grassland. Roots medicinal for sterility. 8a-11b. The profuse, bright yellow, scented flowers are borne from September to December. Table 1. An attractive shrub or small tree with narrow, elliptic, shiny leaves with serrated margins. (6) Parts utilized Mickey Mouse plant (Ochna serrulata), or carnival bush, is a semi-evergreen shrub to small tree that grows to about 4-8 feet (1-2 m.) in height and 3-4 feet (about a meter) across. Distribution Root decoction for children with bone disease. Use. Birds Eye Bush, Small-Leaved Plane, Carnival Ochna, Mickey Mouse Plant, Carnival Bush. Ochna: Species: Ochna serrulata (Hochst.) Family • Introduction The reliance on medicinal plants as an alternative form of health care warrants scientific validation of their safety. African Plants Database (version 3.4.0). Full Shade. Ochna serrulata, commonly known as Mickey Mouse plant or carnival bush, is a small, loose, open, semi-evergreen shrub which typically grows to 4-8’ tall and 3-4’ wide. This family of plants has been used as food and for medicinal purposes for many centuries. Common names: Carnival Ochna, Carnival Redwood, Small-leaf Plane, Mickey Mouse bush. Accessed: 15 August 2019. autumn. Ochna serrulata is a shrub that grows up to 1.5 meters high. Conservatoire et Jardin botaniques de la Ville de Genève and South African National Biodiversity Institute, Pretoria. of Philippine Medicinal Plants with Chinese Names. If you want to attract butterflies and bees to your garden, Mickey Mouse plant is a good choice. Ochna serrulata / A Database of Indigenous South African Flora / Kumbula Indigenous Nursery Description Ochna grows as a shrub that is erect and woody up to about 1.5 m high. ... Pharmacognostic studies on the trunk bark of Ochna lanceolata. This family has about 30 genera and about 250 species. Walp / Monica M. Ndoile and Fanie R. Van Heerden / International Research Journal of Pure & Applied Chemistry, 2018; 16(4): pp 1-9, Harnessing the healing properties of medicinal plants, Five Ochna species have high antibacterial activity and more than ten antibacterial compounds, Antioxidant, Allelopathic and Toxic Activity of Ochna serrulata, Antimalarial Biflavonoids from the Roots of Ochna serrulata (Hochst.) The plant with shiny green leaves blooms in sweet smelling yellow flowers. Flowering. • Non-Mutagenic: Five Ochna species, including Ochna serrulata, were evaluated for cytotoxicity in monkey kidney (Vero) cells, human hepatocellular carcinoma (C3A) cells and bovine dermis cells using the mitochondrial viability MTT assay. Flowers are bright yellow with five petals. Menu. The Plant List : Other vernacular names : BOLIVIAN: KU;bu;re, Pimento, Popatoa, Tetilla, Toro torito, Vaca vaquita. Knowledge and Plant ID. 2003. This prevalence on private property, their tendency to spread into bushland due to bird-attracting berries, and the difficulty involved in controlling them, has resulted in Ochna being declared one of Forster's "Big Bad Three" weeds. (6) - Native to South Africa. Previous Names: Ochnaatropurpurea. Max. In comparison, this species has relatively smaller leaves, 2-6 cm long, and are elongated or narrowly oval in shape, with smaller fragrant flowers, 2-3 cm across, that usually hang downwards. (2) Additional More images of Micky Mouse Bush. General information about Ochna serrulata (OCNSE) Name Language; bird's eye bush: English: carnival bush: English: carnival ochna: English For more information see: Problems Common to Many Indoor Plants. Mickey Mouse plant (Ochna serrulata) is named not for the leaves or blooms, but for the black berries that resemble the face of Mickey Mouse. Min. Moderate care. Height Spread; 2m. their traditional uses. 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