laevigata Engelm. Yucca also come in a variety of colors, including the deep green Yucca gloriosa and the canary yellow Yucca filamentosa ‘Color Guard’. The yucca plant and the yucca moth are totally dependent upon one another for their existence. It was an important plant to Native Americans who used its fibers for cord and cloth, and the roots as a shampoo. University Press of Florida, Gainesville. Yucca is the Caribbean name for Cassava, originally misidentified as another species of Yucca. Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Yucca_filamentosa&oldid=983678858, Flora of the Great Lakes region (North America), Wikipedia articles needing clarification from February 2017, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, 'Golden Sword' - similar to 'Bright Edge', but larger, 'Ivory Tower' - creamy white flowers tinged with green, This page was last edited on 15 October 2020, at 16:27. [10], Yucca filamentosa is found from southeast Virginia south to Florida, and as far west as south and southeast Texas. It is hardy to zone (UK) 4. It features a basal rosette of rigid, sword-shaped, spine-tipped green leaves (to 30” long and to 4” wide) with long filamentous (as per specific epithet) curly threads along the margins. 3 vols. Flowers white or cream, bell- or cup-shaped, drooping, in tall clusters (panicles), most are heavily scented at night. May 30, 2013 Shopping Center Parking Lot Charlotte, NC Yucca filamentosa is an evergreen Shrub growing to 1.2 m (4ft) by 0.6 m (2ft in) at a medium rate. It develops a large, fleshy, white taproot with deep lateral roots. Life Cycle: Perennial Recommended Propagation Strategy: Division Root Cutting Seed Country Or Region Of Origin: Long Island and PA, s. to FL and LA Distribution: [16] The Cherokee used it for this purpose.[17]. Adam's needle, or Yucca filamentosa, is a drought-tolerant, cold-hardy plant with impressive summer flowers and an architectural form. Also may be grown in large containers. Adam’s Needle A small evergreen shrub, Yucca filamentosa develops thick rosettes of grey-green leaves that terminate into a sharp point. It needs full sun and a well-drained soil, preferring an acid or slightly alkaline pH range of 5.5 to 7.5. Yucca is a plant for all seasons and many types of climate and cultural conditions. Yucca filamentosa, commonly called Adam’s needle, Spanish bayonet, yucca and needle palm, is a virtually stemless broadleaf evergreen shrub (though it looks more like a perennial than a shrub) that is native to beaches, sand dunes and fields from South Carolina south to Florida and Mississippi. Native Range: MA to WI, south to s FL & e. TX. The stemless rosettes of leaves stand proud on the ground. However, the types of environment it needs is fairly consistent. Adds architectural height. If you provide us with your name, email address and the payment of a modest $25 annual membership fee, you will become a full member, enabling you to design and save up to 25 of your garden design ideas. 1). [12][13] ‘Color Guard’, with broad yellow stripes all year plus red stripes in the winter, has also won the award. USDA Hardiness Zone: 7-10. Dry garden areas. Can be propagated easily from basal offsets. Yucca fruit can be cooked and eaten after the seeds are removed; the large petals are used in salads. Resource Type. Yucca filamentosa, Adam’s needle and thread, is a species of flowering plant in the family Asparagaceae native to the southeastern United States. Yucca filamentosa,[1] Adam’s needle and thread,[2] is a species of flowering plant in the family Asparagaceae[3] native to … 1753. It has escaped cultivation and extended its original range north into New England. Yucca filamentosa f. genuina Engelm. 1913. Yucca filamentosa,[1] Adam’s needle and thread,[2] is a species of flowering plant in the family Asparagaceae[3] native to the southeastern United States. No serious insect or disease problems. Flora of North America (FNA) Collection. Y. filamentosa is readily distinguished from other yucca species by white, thready filaments along the leaf margins. It is hardy to zone (UK) 4. Yucca filamentosa, Adam's Needle is available at Toadshade Wildflower Farm, a mail order nursery in Frenchtown, NJ, that specializes in native perennial wildflower plants and seeds. Flora of North America. In late spring a 3- to 6-foot stalk appears with cluster of white, bell-shaped flowers. Yucca filamentosa is native to south-central and south-eastern United States, from the great plains to the Gulf of Mexico and the Atlantic. It is naturally a focal point in the landscape, also providing a tropical touch in temperate gardens. [4], Its common names include Adam's needle, common yucca, Spanish bayonet,[5] bear-grass, needle-palm, silk-grass, and spoon-leaf yucca. Yucca is a representative of the xeric "Southwestern-accent" landscape plants (even though it is native to the southeastern United States). Growing to 3 m (10 ft) tall, it is an evergreen shrub valued in horticulture for its architectural qualities. Leaves appear as though they have been shaved because leaf margins bear curved, filamentous threads of leaf tissue. Borders. It features yellowish-white flowers, which bloom in clusters on 3- to 6-foot panicles reaching above the foliage, May-July. Continue reading for more Adams needle information, as well as tips on growing Adams needle yucca plants. [4] They are pollinated by the yucca moth Tegeticula yuccasella. An illustrated flora of the northern United States, Canada and the British Possessions. bracteata Engelm. Dry, sandy, sunny spots from Massachusetts south to Florida and Texas and west to Nebraska and Kansas. Native Range: Central and eastern United States, Tolerate: Rabbit, Deer, Drought, Erosion, Dry Soil, Shallow-Rocky Soil, Air Pollution. Like several other yuccas, Adam’s needle has thin, wiry curls or filaments on the leaves (hence the species filamentosa). Its striking texture will draw attention. It is reportedly also naturalized in France, Italy and Turkey.[11]. Interesting Facts. Yucca filamentosa var. Exposure: Full sun to partial shade. Yucca filamentosa Linnaeus [family AGAVACEAE], Sp. Fruits are elliptical dehiscent capsules. Leaves form a foliage clump to 2-3’ tall. filamentosa translates as "with filaments," referring to the thready leaf margins. Easily grown in light, dry to medium, well-drained soils in full sun. [4] It has become naturalized along the Atlantic coastal plain north to Long Island Sound and into areas of the lower Midwest. In late spring, a flowering stalk rises from the center of each rosette, typically to 5-8’ tall, but infrequently to 12’ tall, bearing a long terminal panicles of nodding bell-shaped creamy white flowers. Adam's needle is a slow-growing native plant found scattered through the woods in the southeastern United States (Fig. The species is also reportedly naturalized in France, Italy and Turkey. Yucca Plants & Cold Temperatures. It features a basal rosette of rigid, sword-shaped, spine-tipped green leaves (to 30 long and to 4 wide) with long filamentous (as per s… Family: Agavaeae. May 30, 2013 Shopping Center Parking Lot Charlotte, NC. Florece a finales de la primavera o bien entrado el verano según la zona geográfica. [7] Flower stems up to 3 m (10 ft) tall bear masses of pendulous cream flowers in early summer. Once planted and established, it is difficult to remove, as the roots keep sending up new shoots for many years. Yucca filamentosa var. Deer tend to avoid this plant. Bear grass is native to the southeastern United States, including the UNF campus. 'Bright Edge', a dwarf cultivar with yellow-margined foliage and creamy flowers tinged with green, has gained the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit. This plant is fully hardy, despite looking as though it belongs in a hot desert environment. Approximately twenty to thirty species of Yucca are found in North and Central America and the Caribbean. Entry From. In … Fibrous leaves were pulled apart and used for making rope or twine. It is in leaf all year, in flower from July to August. The website also provides access to a database and images of herbarium specimens found at the University of South Florida and other herbaria. Guide to the Vascular Plants of Florida i–x, 1–806. It has also been planted in mass on 3- to 4-foot centers to form a ground … It has escaped cultivation and extended its original range north into New England. This plant is most commonly found in sandy soils, especially in beach scrub and dunes, but also in fields, barrens, and rocky slopes, though it grows well also in silt or clay soils. Native range: Southeastern U.S. from Texas to South Florida. The large flower petals can also be eaten in salads. Yucca is a genus of perennial shrubs and trees in the family Asparagaceae, subfamily Agavoideae. Preferred temperature for germination: 82-90 degrees F ... Yucca filamentosa (1) Call us or email us to arrange a time to come out, or for delivery. [14], Once the seeds have been removed, the fruits can be cooked and eaten. Yucca filamentosa is a native species and can be found in several states in the United States. mexicana S.Schauer; Yucca filamentosa … Adam's-needle is native to southeastern North America, but is occasionally found outside its native range due to being widely cultivated. [6], Usually trunkless, it is multisuckering with heads of 75 cm (30 in) long, filamentous, blue-green, strappy leaves. Y. filamentosa is widely cultivated in mild temperate and subtropical climates. Surprising tolerance for some part shade. Yucca Species: filamentosa Family: Asparagaceae Uses (Ethnobotany): The Native Americans used it for a variety of purposes including food, medicine, cordage and soap. Yucca filamentosa is found from southeast Virginia south to Florida, and as far west as south and southeast Texas. Compost is recommended when planting. Brown. Y. filamentosa is closely related to Yucca flaccida and it is possible they should be classified as a single species. Entry for Yucca filamentosa Linnaeus [family AGAVACEAE] Herbarium. May 30, 2013 Shopping Center Parking Lot Charlotte, NC. Yucca filamentosa. Yucca filamentosa, commonly called Adams needle, Spanish bayonet, yucca and needle palm, is a virtually stemless broadleaf evergreen shrub (though it looks more like a perennial than a shrub) that is native to beaches, sand dunes and fields from South Carolina south to Florida and Mississippi. Suitable for seaside gardens or areas which receive road salt runoff. A fairly compact species, it nevertheless presents a striking appearance with its sword-like leaves and dramatic flowerheads. Will form a small colony over time from basal offsets.Genus name comes from the Carbi name for manihot, also called cassava or yuca, which is not closely related but has similarly enlarged root structures.Specific epithet means with filaments or threads. It is found in a wide range of habitats like open woods, prairies, and hills. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Hand. Summary Adam's needle needs coarse, dry, sandy soils with lots of … Origin and Habitat: Yucca filamentosa is a species of flowering plant in the family Agavaceae native to the southeastern United States as far west as Louisiana and as far north as Maryland and West Virginia. This unique relationship is … Fruit are fleshy or dry capsules, not usually seen outside of their native range since flowers much be pollinated by the yucca moth. The Atlas of Florida Plants provides a source of information for the distribution of plants within the state and taxonomic information. The flowers attract bees and butterflies. The evergreen leaves are arranged in a rosette on the ground. NATIVE INFO Native Range. Pl., 1: 319. Flowering Habits of Agave and Yucca Moisture: Average to dry (Drought Tolerant) High Salt Tolerance. General Comments: Plants stay small, growing no more than about 3 feet tall. The Garden wouldn't be the Garden without our Members, Donors and Volunteers. Wunderlin, R. P. 1998. Division type: clump, off-shoot They need well drained soil with plenty of grit added. Linnaeus, Species Plantarum 1: 319. We love Adam’s needle (Yucca filamentosa) for its strong form, wide range of hardiness and dramatic midsummer flowers. Yucca filamentosa var. Flora of North America, Vol 26, Names. Yucca filamentosa,[1] Adam’s needle and thread,[2] is a species of flowering plant in the family Asparagaceae[3] native to the southeastern United States. Dry slopes. It is normally hardy down to −15 °C (5 °F) (USDA hardiness zones of 5 to 9: UK H5). Yucca filamentosa, commonly called Adams needle, Spanish bayonet, yucca and needle palm, is a virtually stemless broadleaf evergreen shrub (though it looks more like a perennial than a shrub) that is native to beaches, sand dunes and fields from South Carolina south to Florida and Mississippi. Its 40–50 species are notable for their rosettes of evergreen, tough, sword-shaped leaves and large terminal panicles of white or whitish flowers.They are native to the hot and dry parts of the Americas and the Caribbean.Early reports of the species were confused with the cassava (Manihot esculenta). 1753. Purpose. Yucca is a drought-tolerant shrub with stemless, stiff evergreen leaves that end in a narrow point. It has escaped cultivation and extended its original range north into New England. Yucca filamentosa . Growing to 3 m (10 ft) tall, it is an evergreen shrub valued in horticulture for its architectural qualities. It features a basal rosette of rigid, sword-shaped, spine-tipped green leaves (to 30 long and to 4 wide) with long filamentous (as per s… [8][9] Other moth species, such as Tegeticula intermedia, also use this yucca as a host plant to lay their eggs. Britton, N.L., and A. The leaf terminates in a sharp spine. Yucca filamentosa -- Adam’s Needle Page 3 October 1999 Use and Management Adam’s Needle can be used as a specimen to accent an area in the landscape. Yucca filamentosa is an evergreen Shrub growing to 1.2 m (4ft) by 0.6 m (2ft in) at a medium rate. Today, the plant is used primarily as an ornamental in the garden. This plant is also called Spanish Bayonet, or Adam’s Needle , referring to the sharp tip at the end of each leaf. In their inland range they are subject to hard frosts. [15], The leaves, stems and roots of this plant can be used to stun fish. Reference Sources. The "yucca flower" is the state flower of New Mexico. The plant blooms by growing a central spike up to 8' (2.4 m) high, covered with drooping, cream-colored flowers about 2" (5 cm) in size. Adams needle yucca (Yucca filamentosa) is a plant in the agave family that is native to the Southeastern United States. Description: Evergreen to 3 ft with a 4-8 ft flower stalk. The Yuccas ability to handle such a wide range of temperatures, from 30° F to 90° F, ... Adam’s Needle- Yucca filamentosa. Tolerant of poor, sandy soils, heat, drought, and salt spray. They range from relatively small, trunkless species to tall, branched trees. Treatment Author(s) Adam’s Needle is aptly named: the sword-like leaves, up to 1m long, have curly filaments along the edge. Agave can range in color from the ghostly blue-green of Agave tequilana to the vibrant yellow and green Agave desmettiana ‘Variegata’. Germination may be variable, but if you plant plenty of the seeds, some will sprout. Adam's Needle, or simply Yucca, is a broadleaf evergreen shrub with a unique form. Stand proud on the ground leaf all year, in flower from July to August, yucca filamentosa is. `` yucca flower '' is the state flower of New Mexico occasionally found outside its native range to! Plants of Florida i–x, 1–806 since flowers much be pollinated by the yucca moth totally. 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