By Kerry Sullivan . Top image: Some of the 50 miles of bookshelves in the Vatican secret archive Photo: The Vatican . The Vatican sponsored archaeological excavations (also known by their Italian name scavi) under Saint Peter's in the years 1940–1949 which revealed parts of a necropolis dating to Imperial times. The Vatican has been the home of the Roman Catholic Church for centuries. Its ancient roots and inherently secretive nature has long inspired the imaginations of passionate conspiracy theorists. St Peter’s Basilica. Visiting the Vatican Scavi is difficult for mere mortals – requiring a grapple with Vatican bureaucracy and the timing of a trained ninja. The most significant is Peter himself. "In Pictures: Secrets of the Vatican Archives." Contribute, create and discover gravesites from all over the world. Whose tomb is under the Vatican? They are: Queen Kristina of Sweden (1626-1689) Countess Mathilda of Tuscan Founded in 1611 by Pope Paul V, the Vatican Secret Archives are an ultra-secure repository for the Church's oldest, most valuable documents. The Teutonic Cemetery (Italian: Cimitero Teutonico) ("Camposanto of the Teutons and the Flemish") is a burial site adjacent to St. Peter's Basilica in Vatican City.Buried is reserved for members of the Confraternity of Our Lady of the German Cemetery, which owns the cemetery. Guardian News and Media, 16 Sept. 2010. The World’s largest gravesite collection. Jesus was not kidding when he said that he would build his Church on Peter! Lux in Arcana - The Vatican Secret Archives Reveals Itself. The Guardian . Access has always been limited; even today, only Vatican officials and qualified academics are allowed inside, and only then with a letter of recommendation. Enjoying this content? In the 19th, the 20th and the 21st century, the vast majority of the popes were buried in St Peter’s Basilica. The reason for this is a practical one since the Vatican became an independent country that was protected and cannot be attacked and thus the tombs were safe there. But it's what's inside the Vatican's top-secret vaults that catches most of their attention. And since browsing isn’t permitted, they also need to list precisely which documents … The Vatican had announced it had engaged a forensic anthropology expert, who is a professor of forensic medicine at a Rome university, to examine the … Famous Graves in Vatican City, a Find A Grave. Web. The Church has always held that Peter was buried in a pagan cemetery on Vatican Hill. Sources: The Guardian. But the workmen, with careful hands, pushed forward finally to the area where, according to a basic tenet of the Catholic Church, the bones of St. Peter were buried about A.D. 66. 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